The first defensive element that we find is the access door or gate of semicircular arch that supported a door double leaf
Just in front of the gate we can see the famous round mark attributed to tread horse King Jaume I according to legend.
Flanking the gateway, we will see a set of defensive walls surrounding the access to the castle.
The rampart is guarded by three loopholes, from which you have a perfect view of the access road.
Torre del Homenaje o Constipador
Transfixed this first defense, we cross a first steps, and we find the first crenellated tower, the Torre del Homenaje. It is the central structure of the medieval castle, which served as the residence of the Lord. This tower is popularly known as the Constipador, because after a sweaty hike, visitors took shelter from the heat under the tower and where nice but treacherous breeze has caused more than a cold.
The current military structures are ruins of the Gothic period of a fourteenth century castle. Because of its strategic importance, after the Reconquest, they were planned and built the walls and and carried out numerous maintenance works in the first decades. Even was placed a permanent military base.
On the right we find an esplanade with visible remains of a large water tank. Following the perimeter of the pit will see a facing wall with battlements.
Torre de Migjorn
On the west wall, after the water tank, we find a second defensive tower. Along with the Presó dels Moros, the rampart and the Torre del Homenaje, is the most important defensive element.
Prisión de los Moros o Torre de sa Cova
Starting from the Hospedería seaward Sud, we find a path that forks. If we take the right path we reach the Moorish Prison. It is a building of square plant, and as the Torre del Homenaje, is topped with a battlement and protected by loopholes. This tower was mainly for monitoring the south side of the crags d'en Cladera.
It is also called Torre de sa Cova for its proximity to the Cova de Sant Antoni.
Note that the main facing is oriented towards Mecca.
The water was very important during the day to day of a castle. For this reason in the Muslim period, these deposits were built so carefully.
We have previously said that just after passing through the gate and the Torre del Homenaje, we found a first water tank.
In addition to this, there are 4 more cisterns located in the forest that surrounds the Guesthouse.
- The first one, rounded based, in fact, is a chain of reservoirs that collect current water.
- The second one, is facing the north side of the forest, is the most spectacular.
- Very close to the second water tank, is located the third. This, is fully underpinned by its obvious risk of collapse .
- To east side, near a small lime kiln, is located the last of the tanks, which has a curious structure, probably to suit to the terrain.
On the hills of the castle we find the first one. We can see it on the esplanade of the castle, just having past the Constipador and possibly a smaller one near the second tower of the castle.
Although most of them are located in the forest of the castle.
Near of the Obra Nova building, inside the forest, we will find the first coal yard with a diameter of 5.30 m.
We find a second coal yard with a diameter of 5.80 m, in our journey towards the path of the cave, before straying into the water tanks.
This coaling is interesting to see, as it still conserves the Coal hut, located in the west part of the Castle.
Southern the summit forest, near the roadside leading to the cave of Sant Antoni, we find another coal yard of approximately 5.90 m in diameter. It is a double floor and no remains of the saithe hut.
In the southeast of the summit we find another coal yard that has a diameter of 5.80 m and double floor. It is easy to identify because he is born a fair pine in the middle. Fairly well preserved saithe hut.
Close proximity to third Lime Kiln,there is one with a diameter of 5.80 m .
Halfway between the two lime kilns larger the summit we will see a double-decker coal approx 4,80m .
In one of the gullies above the cliffs overlooking East, difficult access is the last observed carbonera . But because of their inaccessibility , please do not visit.
Lime has been an essential element in traditional society. Its main uses were making mortar, along with clay for the works, whitewashed walls, and its antiseptic and disinfectant use.
In the area of reservoirs, on top of the castle, we find a small lime kiln. He seems to be loaded with stones to calcine but not covering the back. In the mouth we see that even the horneadora stone is preserved.
You will find the second lime kiln in the forest top, it is medium in size, is located to the left of the road from the top in the cave of Sant Antoni. It contains remains of the last calcined.
The third and farthest lime kiln is very deteriorated due to a pine tree rooted and threatens to destroy it.
Chapel built in 1622 by the priest Joan Coll, rector of the Church of Sant Bartomeu, as a token of appreciation for the rain arrival after a long drought.
With the building of the Oratory of Mare de Deu del Refugi d'Alaró, it finally became a sanctuary for alaroners. This construction was possible thanks to the local priest of that also expose the image of the Mare de Dèu, was a strong supporter of the cult of Guillem Cabrit and Guillem Bassa.
Until this Cript two ribs of martyrs moved from their tombs in the chapel of la Piedad, just below the organ of the Cathedral of Mallorca.
The building has a small and austere architecture. The main portal draws a carved lintel composition in Renaissance style.
The portal is preceded by a portic of Arab tile twofold, supported by a semicircular arch and octagonal pilasters on its sides. Inside the gantry two wooden struts support the roof.
The apex is crowned by a sundial. The interior of the chapel consists of a single room, arch barrel, with tiled floors and decorated walls with plant motifs in relief of the Italian artist Antonio Soldati.
The apse is semicircular and in its interior is the altar, preceded by a Baroque altar piece with the image of the Virgin Mary. On the sides of the altarpiece it has represented the two most popular characters in the history of Alaró, Guillem Cabrit and Guillem Bassa.
In the sacristy highlights the reliquary of Cabrit and Bassa and substantial collection of votive offerings dedicated to the image of the Virgin. In 1622 the original building was added the chapel and the sacristy.
The sunday after Easter is held a climb to Castell to celebrate the Festa de l' Àngel or Pancaridad.
Always the following Easter day in Mallorca is heading a delegation to walk to shrines and share the latest pies made at this time is organized. The first sunday of September the Nativity of the Virgin Mary is also celebrated with a popular lunch in front of the Oratorio.
As in the rest of Mallorca Sanctuaries, such as Santa Llucia, Sant Salvador or Monti -Sion, the hermitage of the Mare de Deu del Refugi has its own Via Crucis.
Via Crucis, consists of small buildings or stations along the way up to the castle and referring to the episode of the Passion of Christ.
Unfortunately, due to vandalism, most stations have been destroyed, but we can see a few on our way to the guesthouse.
The sundial is oriented vertically towards the south. This watch is made of one piece with living stone ( Calcaria stone). Su Gnomon o guía, marca las horas en formato indoarábico y apunta hacia la estrella Polar, con lo que la duración de las horas no corresponden a los relojes romanos, griegos o babilionios.
Its Gnomon or guide, mark the hours in indoarábigo format and points to the North Star, so the duration of the hours do not correspond to the Romans, Greeks or babilionics watches.
Although we do not know the exact date of its construction, already it appears in photographs of the first half of the s . XX.